Only a few product that has been taped had been coded. As our focus ended up being on scripted development, we excluded daily news broadcasts, game shows, sports shows and activities, and paid programming, also all kinds of commercials along with other promotions ( e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, they certainly were coded and analyzed individually because of the unique traits and are also perhaps perhaps not reported right right right here. The analyses offered in this paper, nevertheless, do are the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and reality programs. In addition, demonstrates that had been incomplete since they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats were eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001 2002 season contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the ultimate test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test for the 2nd content analysis had been notably bigger than the very first 12 months’s sample even as we produced concerted work in 12 months 2 to ensure we had three episodes of every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence to your sampling plan, additional taping had been required whenever, as an example, brand new shows joined the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or if the time and time slot for a string had been changed.
The codebook for the bigger research had been based significantly from the factors manufactured by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra products, including those on exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior and sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. As opposed to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene whilst the main device of analysis, our content analyses involved coding sex cam for intimate content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ dramatically in total and, hence, try not to offer a consistent device of measure in making evaluations across programs, we utilized a coding that is standard considering time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized often by other scientists conducting analyses that are content different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes of the content analysis, intercourse ended up being thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications related to relationship and relationships, which were maybe not coded. For instance, a declaration such as вЂњI favor my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made like to my boyfriendвЂќ could be coded.
Exact exact exact Same sex intimate behavior
Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing a minumum of one form of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been evaluated when it comes to existence of exact same intercourse behavior that is sexual. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to indicate whether some of the sexual behavior depicted within the interval took place between two different people for the exact same sex.
Discuss nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas
Each 2 interval that is minute have been coded as containing one or more instance of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the key coding task ( ag e.g., commentary about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about sexual activity which has had currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals. With this product, programmers once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual people. Frequently, such remarks pertaining to gays and lesbians, although sporadically these people were connected with bisexuals.