One location represents a new destination for Latino immigrants and has virtually no Spanish-speaking infrastructure. The other location has a Latino community several centuries old and an extensive Spanish-speaking infrastructure. Immigrants reaching these two destinations tend to do so by following different immigration streams. Despite initial expectations to the contrary, the researchers coding the transcripts of these groups could discern no meaningful differences between any of the groups on these issues. The findings from these focus groups clearly indicate that Latina immigrants encounter a complex web of stressors impacting them both as workers and as women.
She received her master’s in counseling from Saint Xavier University and is currently a doctoral student in the counselor education and supervision program at the Chicago School of Professional Psychology. While working, see what potential clients are seeking help with (child care, employment, etc.) and figure out where the clients can go to receive those services.
The interpretation of data in a qualitative study, as is the case with any research approach, can be skewed by biases held by the investigators. These biases can arise from personal, educational, and/or professional experiences. Consequently, a brief discussion of the backgrounds of the authors of this study is merited.
Persistent educational challenges continue to affect the Hispanic community, however. Many college-bound Hispanic men and women come from low-income families, and tuition rates for in-state students at public universities rose 242% between 1998 and 2019. Consequently, many of these students are forced to take on student loans to afford their degree. These loans carry steep monthly minimum payments and interest rates that can affect borrowers for decades. The gender wage gap has many root causes, but it’s important to recognize that the pay gap for Latinas is attributable to sexism, racism, and anti-immigration policies, a multi-layered burden that white women do not face.
For the purposes of this report, references to foreign-born Hispanics include those born in Puerto Rico. Cuban culture has made its way into America thanks to many refugees and their talents. Maria Irene Fornes, a Cuban immigrant to the United States, created plays that focused on feminism and poverty.
But some Latino women aren’t doing the rest of us any favors, with some popular stars contributing to exoticism. Suddenly, Latinas became a hot commodity and have the expectations of following the media’s image of a Latina. A concept known as the “social identity theory” explains how people derive their identity from the groups they are welcomed to based on commonalities. There are in-groups and out-groups, and people find worth in being in those in-groups.
50 Ways to Fight Bias Bias makes it harder for women to get hired and promoted. 50 Ways to Fight Bias is a card-based activity and video series that highlights 50 specific examples of gender bias in the workplace and offers research-backed recommendations for what to do. The gap is largest for Latinas who have bachelor’s and advanced degrees.
She is also currently Of Counsel with Law Offices of Vera & Barbosa, and is the founder of TheLawUnbundled.com, an online platform for delivery of unbundled family law legal services that make access to quality legal services accessible and affordable. Before founding Meza Talbott Law, she was managing partner for eight years to Talbott Kim, LLP, a boutique family law firm headquartered in Downtown Los Angeles. She began her legal career working with primarily low-income clients and then spent many years working for a well-respected Southern California law firm known for representing celebrities and high net worth individuals in family law matters. Ms. Marshall was born in Honduras and lived there until the age of 10.
Under DACA, undocumented children who enter the U.S. prior to age 16 receive “deferred action status” and are categorized as DACA students. While DACA students are still ineligible for federal financial aid, those with a valid SSN are able to fill out a Free Application for Federal Student Aid and they may receive state- or institution-sponsored funding. 15, National Hispanic Heritage Month, the Ethnicity and Health in America Series will shine a spotlight on the contributions of distinctive Latinx women in the field of psychology. This month we are highlighting the accomplishments of Latinx women who were the first inaugural women of color to occupy prominent leadership roles in their respective fields.
Counselors should be as patient as possible, however, because family members may be waiting for their head of household to start and lead the conversation. The key is to treat and work with the family as a unit because that is how they might live their life traditionally. Most families live in multigenerational households that include parents, siblings and grandparents. Sometimes extended family members may also reside in the home at one point or another.
- Additionally, there are no federal or state laws prohibiting undocumented men and women from applying to, enrolling in, and graduating from public or private colleges.
- The U.S. Department of Education guarantees public education for undocumented children through grade 12.
- A survey by the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators found that 32% of public postsecondary institutions admitted undocumented student applicants.
- Another underrepresented group are the children of Hispanic migrant workers.
- Roughly 65,000 undocumented students graduate from U.S. high schools each year.
Poverty rates for Latina women, at 27.9 percent, are close to triple those of white women, at 10.8 percent. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 32.2 percent of Latina women work in the service sector, compared with only 20 percent of white women, and service workers are almost 20 percent less likely to have either paid sick leave or retirement benefits. Graduation rates for Latinas were at 31.3 percent in 2008, still significantly lower than graduation rates for white women, at 45.8 percent. Sheli C. DeLaney received her master’s degree in Cultural Anthropology from the University of Cincinnati. Outside of work, she likes to play the flute, garden, and volunteer as a Spanish/English interpreter at a local free clinic.
As described below, we used 94 months of the presidency of Barack Obama to estimate counterfactual values of preterm births to Latina women during the 9 months beginning November 1, 2016, and ending July 31, 2017. The 2016 US presidential election appears to have been associated with an increase in preterm births among US Latina women. Anti-immigration policies have been proposed and enforced in the aftermath of the 2016 presidential election; future research should evaluate the association of these actions with population health. MSL values the women’s individual skills and acknowledges the women’s sharing, caring and helping roles in their family and community.
Clearly, this is a sensitive, emotionally charged topic for these women. While they were willing to discuss their instances of successful resistance to sexual exploitation in a public forum such as focus group, as is understandable, no instances of succumbing to pressure were recounted. However, given the frequency that the topic was brought up, one has to wonder whether successful resistance is the exception or the rule. Rather than accommodating pregnant workers, some employers find it easier to simply fire them—sometimes in anticipation of problems rather than any actual diminishment of workload. As the above quote indicates, there is a strong—almost defiant—sense of pride in working harder and faster than their native-born Black or White coworkers, especially among more recent immigrants.
There were 245 recognized HSIs in 2005, and as of 2015, there were 472 recognized HSIs that collectively enrolled nearly 2 million students. The states with the most HSIs are California with 159, Texas with 83, Florida with 27, and New Mexico with 23. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, or DACA, seeks to ease college admission challenges for undocumented students.
In our analysis of all US births from 2009 to 2017, we found a significant upward level shift in the number of preterm births among US https://talousvahvistus.fi/uncategorized/the-birth-of-brazil-women/ that coincided with the 2016 US presidential election. This result appeared most pronounced for infants conceived or in their second trimester of gestation near the time of the election. We found this evidence despite our conservative analytic approach, which controlled for potential concurrent but unrelated trends that might affect preterm birth. In other words, we observed an increase in Latina preterm births over and above levels expected from preterm birth in the general population. We also controlled for cycles and trends specific to preterm births among Latina women that could induce spurious associations in a simple, before-and-after study design.
Additionally, the baby may have an increased risk for being too large at birth and being overweight and having Type 2 diabetes in the future. A woman’s ethnicity is one of the strongest risk factors for GDM and other types of diabetes that she can’t change. Additionally, due to the high risk of diabetes in all Latino people, the risk of family members having the condition may be high as well. Diabetes of all types tends to affect Latinx people at younger ages than it does other populations, so Latinx women should talk with their physician about their risk before getting pregnant.
In the last 20 years, thenumber of womenincarcerated increased at a rate almost double that of men, with Latina women being 69% more likely to be incarcerated than white women. While Latinas have predominantly been excluded from research on body image and eating disorders, they are not immune from developing disordered eating habits and mental illnesses like anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. On the contrary, despite rarely being reported or diagnosed,recent studiesshow that Latinas have eating disorders and body image issues at rates comparable to or greater than non-Latina whites. If you were to accept everything you heard about Latinas, you might think they were scheming and hypersexual, yet socially conservative women whose “equal educational opportunities” and “competitive purchasing power” signify their “arrival.” On Latina Equal Pay Day 2018, we partnered with Justice for Migrant Women to raise awareness around the pay gap and the distinct challenges faced by Latinas.
However, this high level of effort can frequently backfire, creating a situation in which the immigrant workers may be setting productivity expectations that cannot realistically be met over the long run. In the second phase of the analysis, the Latina focus groups were then reviewed as an independent subset of transcripts.