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Communities of Carmelite Sisters
In the nineteenth century, another Carmelite nun, Thérèse of Lisieux, was instrumental in spreading devotion to the Holy Face all through France within the Nineties together with her many poems and prayers. Eventually Pope Pius XII accredited the devotion in 1958 and declared the Feast of the Holy Face of Jesus as Shrove Tuesday (the day before Ash Wednesday) for all Catholics.
The charism (or spiritual focus) of the Carmelite Order is contemplation. Carmelites perceive contemplation in a broad sense encompassing prayer, group, and service.
It was only at the end of the nineteenth century that these following the reform of Tourraine (by this time known as the “strict observance”) and the Mantuan Congregation had been formally merged beneath one set of constitutions. The friars following Mantua conceded to Tourraine’s Constitutions but insisted that the older form dominican brides of the habit – particularly their very own – must be adopted. In a photograph of the interval Blessed Titus Brandsma is proven in the habit of Tourraine as a novice; in all subsequent pictures he wears that of the newly styled Ancient Observance.
It was nearly actually composed by Philip Ribot, Catalan Carmelite provincial, though Ribot passed off his work as a collection of earlier writings that he edited, claiming that the Institution itself was written by John XLIV, supposedly a patriarch of Jerusalem, who purportedly wrote the text in Greek in 412. The Institution tells of the founding of the Carmelite order by the prophet Elijah and provides a whimsical history of the order in the pre- and early Christian era. It was massively influential, and has been described as the “chief book of religious reading within the Carmelite order” till the seventeenth century. Quite early of their history, the Carmelites began to develop ministries in line with their new status as mendicant religious.
They wore the same habit as the Dominicans, except that the cloak was white. They also borrowed much from the Dominican and Franciscan constitutions.